Factsheet: Water act

Water act

Key Information


This act applies to surface, ground, public and private waters. It provides a national plan for water management in the fight against water pollution, promotes regeneration and the rational exploitation. It introduces a new licensing system for the sampling operations and spill managed by the Ministry of the Environment. Negligible withdrawals and discharges of harmful quantities are exempt from the authorization. Detailed provisions set out the terms and conditions relating to the applications for authorization (Articles 9 and 10). In addition to regulations regarding the discharge of sewage, measures will be developed and regulations adopted that prescribe standards for releases (art. 8.1). Municipal governments are responsible for the removal and wastewater collection and the construction of all the necessary facilities (art. 15). The land surrounding a water source can be declared to be restricted area, and compensation for this restriction of use is granted to the owner (art. 20). The Ministry of the Environment gains from the special power to deal with emergencies related to pollution (art. 25), and associations for the protection of the environment have the right to intervene in proceedings in order to follow the breach of the law (art. 27). An interdepartmental committee, chaired by the Minister of the Environment is responsible for the overall coordination (art. 7).
Sustainable management and protection of water.