Factsheet: Rural electrification programs

Rural electrification programs

Key Information
Colombia has 1123 municipalities, 88 of these had no access to electricity in 2010 (ZNI). The National Development Plan 2010-2014 set a goal of supplying 39 municipalities with 24 hours a day of power, corresponding to 44.3% of ZNI. In order to reach this goal, the Colombian government created the Institute of Planning and Promotion of Energy Solutions for non-interconnected areas (IPSE) in 2004, (Decree 257, 2004). This public entity, ascribed to the MME, aims to (i) structure and evaluate sustainable energy projects to supply non-interconnected areas (ZNI), (ii) improve the quality of electricity service in these areas and ensure continuity, and (iii) improve the efficiency of processes, minimizing and mitigating environmental and social impacts. In early 2013, the IPSE reported an advance of 23% of the target, with an additional coverage of 9 municipalities; and it has also approved enough projects to reach 100% of the target for December 1014. The Colombian government has shown interest in subsidizing sustainable projects in rural areas. Currently, the IPSE has a bank of 213 electrification projects; of which 104 have been approved since 2004. These projects include power generation from small hydro, photovoltaic panels, biomass, wind turbines, and construction and improvement of interconnection lines.
Increase the share of renewable energy in electricity production.

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