Factsheet: Climatic Risk Agricultural Zoning

Climatic Risk Agricultural Zoning

Key Information
Description: 
The climatic risk agricultural zoning, published by MAPA, is a technicalscientific tool of support to the management of risks in agriculture which seeks to guide the granting of agricultural working credit and the acquisition of rural insurance and Proagro. The program was introduced in 1996 and expanded gradually, widening its utilization throughout the Country. Unlike other existing zonings, the agricultural zoning of climatic risk is based on the concepts of potentiality and agricultural aptitude. It analyzes the parameters related to soil, climate and plants, using mathematical and statistical functions to determine the probability of the occurrence of adverse climatic events that may cause crop losses. The agricultural zoning of climatic risk identifies the best planting time for the cultivars for each municipality, analyzes historical climatic series of at least 20 years, and cross-checks those data with information on the cycle of cultivars and type of soil according to its capacity of retaining water. The goal is to reduce the possibility that the cultivars suffer from climatic adversities in their more sensitive phases by following restrictions imposed by the zoning, which are easily assimilated and adopted by rural producers, agronomists, extension officer, financial agents, insurance companies, and other users. Considering the technological content of that program, the ministerial ordinances that annually publish the agricultural zoning also indicate the cultivars included in the National Cultivar Registration (RNC) of MAPA, adapted to each region in the country. This technical-scientific tool results from the work of a multidisciplinary team of nearly 50 specialists and uses the methodology developed and published by federal and state agricultural research institutions, following the methodological standardization and technical assistance set by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Company (Embrapa).
Goal/Aim: 
Stimulate sustainable agricultural management

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